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crickets and locusts
# of animals 2007 33
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Basically there are two kinds of venom: Heamotoxin and Neurotoxin.
There is a great number of subtoxines ( that we will NOT discuss ).
Heamotoxin will damage tissue , cause a great deal of pain , swelling , oedema , redness , blood cluttering , nausea etc. etc.
Neurotoxin works on the brain(stam) and will gradually take away all the bodily functions , so you will probably die of heart failure or suffocate... Underneath , you'll find some off the ingredients ( read ENZYMES ) of venom;
Cholinesterase: attacks the nerve system and relaxes the muscles to the point where a victim has little- or no control. This enzyme is found in most of the most dangerous snakes , like Elapids.
L-amino acid oxidase: makes venom look yellow and works in digesting and triggering other enzymes. This enzyme is found in some Vipers.
Hyaluronidase: helps other enzymes to be absorbed more rapidly. Found in most snake venoms
Proteïnases: breaks down tissue very fast. Found in Vipers
Adenosine triphosphatase: causes shock and immobilizes smaller prey. Probably present in most snakes , certainly in most Vipers.
Phosphodiesterase: causes negative cardiac reactions , drop in blood pressure. believed to be present in all snakes. There are many other enzymes which have been isolated/identified , and we still don't know what their exact purpose is!